Sport-Specific GuidanceAs it stands, all Olympic athletes must abide by the same guidelines laid out in the official playbook for the games. If athletes test negative, they will be allowed to continue to their accommodations. He and his co-authors wrote that the IOC should have designated different sports as having high, moderate or low COVID transmission risk. Moderate risk events include those that are held outdoors but in which close contact is unavoidable, including rugby, field hockey and soccer. Declaring that sports present a low risk of transmission also ignores the risks outside of the competitions themselves, Osterholm says.