It would be nice to say that science is the total sum of the knowledge devised by geniuses throughout the ages. You could say that theoretical research is about finding out what we don’t know that we don’t know. We also know there are known unknowns; that is to say we know there are some things we do not know. So some research is valuable to the world because of its usefulness, and some because it fascinates and delights us. Most of the time though, research that seems both useless and boring actually is exactly that.