Based on my reporting and personal conversations with friends and family, it’s clear many people don’t know what happened at Tuskegee. But even many who have the details right learned the wrong lesson from that shameful episode in American medical history. That seemed to play out in the first Phase 1 Moderna trial of 45 people; 40 were white and two were black. Pfizer and Moderna said diversity was a priority for their phase 3 vaccine trials but cited the difficulty in recruiting Black trial participants. In mid-November, I was finally recruited for the Johnson & Johnson vaccine trial.