Around 11 billion doses are needed to fully vaccinate 70% of the world’s population against COVID-19. But as of 2 July, COVAX had shipped 95 million doses, up from 65 million in May. Overall, between February and May, African countries received only 18.2 million of the 66 million doses they had expected through COVAX. “We need countries with substantial supply to donate 250 million doses for September,” Swaminathan says. This will happen only if countries immediately share doses with COVAX and if manufacturers prioritize COVAX orders, Swaminathan says.