The international actuarial and consulting firm Milliman estimates that the average billable cost for a kidney transplant in 2020 is $442,500. Both Black and Hispanic patients were less likely to receive this care compared to White patients. Indeed, according to an analysis of data from 1990 to 2009, Black patients waited an average of 2.5 months longer than White patients for a kidney transplant. Despite such changes in organ donation, Black patients on dialysis are still far less likely than White patients to receive a living donor kidney. Black patients, then, tend to reach out to fellow Black family and friends.