These missions come after renewed interest in Venus due to the hotly debated phosphine controversy which if true could be a biosignature. The two lucky winners are the DAVINCI+ (Deep Atmosphere Venus Investigation of Noble gases, Chemistry, and Imaging) and VERITAS (Venus Emissivity, Radio Science, InSAR, Topography, and Spectroscopy). DAVINCI+, led by James Garvin of Goddard Space Flight Center, will measure the composition of Venus’ atmosphere with the goal of understanding how it was formed (Pictured). Venus’ hot atmosphere has allowed the crust to retain hot temperatures similar to early Earth and may show how the crust cracked and formed tectonic plates. Each of the two missions was awarded $500 million and will jumpstart Venus science for the first time in 30 years.