Coronavirus News Roundup: January 9–January 15
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People “should not really consider themselves protected until after a week or two following dose two,” he adds. The researchers now are studying whether outcomes vary for people on specific types of these drugs, the release states. Experts call this a One Health approach or concept, and they want governments to factor it into policies, Robbins reports. As humans move into more of Earth’s natural environments, more spillovers of animal diseases into humans are expected. “The spillover of animal, or zoonotic, viruses into humans causes some 75% of emerging infectious diseases,” Robbins writes.

Did We Receive a Message from a Planet Orbiting the Nearest Star?
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This infrared star hosts an Earth-size planet, Proxima b, in its habitable zone, where liquid water could allow the chemistry of life on the planet’s surface. But even without examining the event details, one might wonder whether it is plausible for a radio signal to originate from our nearest star system. Following this argument, the quantitative paper with Amir shows that the chance of a radio signal appearing now from our nearest star is miniscule. There is one caveat to this conclusion, namely if intelligent life on Earth and its nearest star are correlated. Interestingly, Proxima Centauri became our nearest star around the same time when Homo sapiens appeared on Earth.

How Science Explains Trump’s Grip on White Males
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Slovic and his team found that White males differed from White women and non-White men and women in how they perceived risks. For every category of threat, White men saw risk as much smaller and much more acceptable than did other demographic groups. And in the case of White men, it is often a lens that seeks to preserve institutionalized cultural identity and societal status. And it’s not hard to imagine why the term “White male effect” would struggle to gain traction in a media landscape dominated by White men. Virtuous violence is still violence and there is nothing abstract about identity protective cognition’s role in White male supremacy.

Climate Deniers Shift Tactics to ‘Inactivism’
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The graph also helped make the researcher a target of attacks by climate change deniers. They have merely changed their tactics, Mann contends in his book The New Climate War: The Fight to Take Back Our Planet. You argue that the climate change deniers are going extinct and being replaced by a new group that you call “the inactivists.” Who are the inactivists? They are trying to convince people that climate change is not the result of their corporate policies but of our own individual actions. Can you give some concrete examples of how the fossil fuel industry has been working to create divisions within the environmental community?

Should Your Kidney Doctor Have a Financial Stake in Dialysis?
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By 2008, the average zip code in the U.S. had 1.2 dialysis clinics, with some having as many as seven. Especially for young nephrologists, joint venture dialysis clinics can seem like the only viable path. Joint venture dialysis facilities take advantage of certain exceptions written into Stark Law rules, but a closely related federal law, the Anti-Kickback Statute prohibits payments for patient referrals. But the database didn’t include any information about which dialysis clinics were joint ventures, let alone the parties that owned them. With everyone profiting from the current arrangement except for patients, dialysis clinics have little incentive to change.

Humans May Have Befriended Wolves with Meat
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How did dogs become humans’ best friend? Well, one idea is that docile wolves flocked to waste dumps near human camps. Writing in the journal Scientific Reports, she and her colleagues present a different hypothesis: that humans purposely shared their leftovers with wolves instead. And they found there likely would have been more than enough meat to go around. That’s because humans can’t survive on protein alone—but wolves can for months.

Bees Use ‘Bullshit’ Defense to Keep Giant Hornets at Bay
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Wellesley College biologist Heather Mattila went to Vietnam to understand how Asian honeybees defend themselves from the hornets there. “Giant hornets will hunt honeybees on their own and grab them one by one. The alternative to covering their house in ...[CLIP: Censored beep sound]... was annihilation of the colony in the face of overwhelming giant hornet invasion. Asian honeybees are a different species than the Western honeybees in Europe and North America. I didn’t have a lot of personal experience with Asian bees, and so meeting them was kind of like meeting the crazy cousin of the bees you know really well.

The Eyes Have It: Scientists 3-D Print Human Corneas
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3-D printing of human corneas may end wait times for people on transplant waiting lists. 3-D printing is a manufacturing process that creates a physical object from a digital design. Now, according to a paper published online on May 30, 2018 in the journal Experimental Eye Research, scientists are using 3-D printers to make human corneas — an advancement that could dramatically ease the shortage of corneas from donors. However, this promising 3-D printing technique may help people see better without the prolonged wait. That's where this new 3-D printing technique comes into play.

'One Small Step' Act Encourages Protection of Human Heritage in Space
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On Dec. 31, the One Small Step to Protect Human Heritage in Space Act became law. However, it is also the first law enacted by any nation that recognizes the existence of human heritage in outer space. I believe that the One Small Step Act, enacted in a divisive political environment, demonstrates that space and preservation truly are nonpartisan, even unifying principles. NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center/ASUAdvertisementAdvertisementThe One Small Step ActThe One Small Step Act is true to its name. It's a small step.

How Do I Get Rid of a Dead Animal Smell in My Car?
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If you can find the dead animal yourself, carefully remove it using gloves. Donning gloves again, scrub down all surfaces that had any contact with the dead creature with a commercial disinfectant or diluted bleach solution and let the car air out as much as possible. While Simmons says that dead animal calls are \"pretty rare,\" he's seen cases where rodents have climbed into the air conditioner's evaporator unit and gotten trapped, spreading the stench throughout the whole vehicle. You could try to sell it, but who's going to buy a car that wreaks of dead opossum? Not only could the dead animal result in physical damage to the engine, but its decomposing fumes might count as a biohazard.

Why Generation Z Is So Stressed Out
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The report showed that 27 percent of Gen Z members reported that their mental health was poor, compared with 15 percent of Millennials (Generation Y), 13 percent of Gen Xers and 7 percent of Baby Boomers. AdvertisementAdvertisementThe Biggest Issues for Gen ZSo what most stresses out Gen Z? In fact, 75 percent of Gen Z respondents said that mass shootings are a significant source of stress, compared with 62 percent of adults overall. For instance, among Gen Z social media is noted as a source of support, yet 45 percent say it makes them feel judged. Now That's Important The report took note of the special stresses some Gen Z members of color face.

What's the Difference Between Cake Flour and All-purpose Flour?
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\" \" Cake flour has less protein than all-purpose flour, which means you end up with a lighter and moister end product. Now that the world is on a mission to bake as much in the kitchen as humanly possible, ingredients like all-purpose flour and cake flour are in the spotlight. For the amateur bakers out there who can't discern flour from baking soda or sugar from salt, here's an easy explainer that tells you everything you need to know about the difference between cake flour and all-purpose flour. Your typical batch of cake flour contains around 5 to 8 percent of protein, compared to all-purpose flour, which has around 10 to 13 percent. And consider spending a little extra to buy high-quality cake flour, especially for use in simple cake recipes where flavor is critical.

Are Small Modular Reactors the Future of Nuclear Power?
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According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration , nuclear power plants produced 19.6% of the total electricity generated in the U.S. in 2019. Over the last several years, however, there has been a decline in the number of operating nuclear power plants. If conventional nuclear power plants continue to be shuttered, then how will we replace this energy source? Nuclear reactors are, effectively, costly boilers.While the debate about nuclear power is contentious, one thing remains clear: it remains a critical part of our energy infrastructure. The continued development of SMR technologies may be an important and beneficial upgrade to commercial nuclear energy production.

The Evolutionary Origins of Friendship
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As awful as 2020 was, its ability to reveal the genuine strengths and weaknesses of our relationships was an unexpected boon. They enable us to discern fair-weather friends from friends tried and true. As an evolutionary psychologist, I have conducted research on social relationships and emotions for over 20 years. If I demonstrate that I value you, then, all else equal, it pays for you to value me in return. The pandemic has therefore been an unexpected (albeit unwanted) opportunity to test the tensile strength of our relationships.

Crazy Common Things People Swallow (That They Shouldn’t)
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But every day, people swallow more mundane things that they shouldn't. \"In the adult population, they usually swallow the object by accidentally mixing it with their food,\" explains Farcy via email. Here are some of the most common, but dangerous, things adults swallow by accident:AdvertisementAdvertisement1. ToothpicksSwallowing a toothpick is not as common as you might think, but it's a serious situation if it happens. If the bones don't come out on their own though, an endoscopy might be required.

A Step to Ease the Pandemic Mental Health Crisis
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For months a mental health crisis has accompanied the misery brought on by COVID-19. Meanwhile mental health services have been stretched worldwide. One reason is that mental health personnel and the facilities they work in have been reassigned to COVID-related tasks during the crisis. These techniques allow people to become mental health first responders. Mental health first aid is slightly different from psychological first aid because it is targeted at people experiencing issues even before a crisis erupts.

Another Way to Protect against COVID beyond Masking and Social Distancing
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Estimated virus half-life was more than 24 hours at 10 degrees C (50 degrees F) and 40 percent relative humidity, but only 90 minutes at 27 degrees C (80 degrees F) and 65 percent relative humidity. Indeed, a study conducted in New South Wales, Australia, demonstrates an inverse relationship between relative humidity and transmission of SARS-CoV-2. We are requesting that the WHO produce clear guidelines on the minimum lower limit of air humidity in buildings. We recommend maintaining relative humidity between 40 to 60 percent to maximize the benefits of humidity but not the drawbacks of too much humidity that promote mold growth. Indoor air control is the next frontier to improve human health and reduce transmission of various types of viruses, including SARS-COV-2.

Your Bed Has More Poop Than a Chimp's
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Dylan Coker/Newspix/Getty ImagesYour parents probably spent years yelling at you to clean your room and make your bed. It seems no matter how tight your bed corners are or how many quarters you can bounce off that blanket, your bed still isn't as clean as a chimpanzee's. Researchers at North Carolina State University compared human beds to the treetop nests chimpanzees make for themselves nightly. The chimp nests also had no insects or spiders, though the team expected to see some parasitic species in the nests. Now That's Cool It won't solve your bacteria problem, but the humankind evolution bed could solve your insomnia.

Sound the Alarm: Windsor Hum Is Driving Canadians Crazy
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\" \" A view of Detroit (right) and Windsor from Belle Isle Park in the Detroit River. Windsor is the site of the Windsor Hum which people believe is coming from Zug Island, near Detroit. That's sort of like the Windsor Hum. A 2011 study by the University of Windsor found that the sounds originated in the vicinity of Zug Island, Michigan, near Detroit. In 2013, the University of Western Ontario and the Canadian government looked into the matter, and did confirm that the hum seemed to come from Zug Island.

10 Widely Believed U.S. Government Conspiracy Theories
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Muslim terrorist group al-Qaida claimed responsibility for the attacks. But almost immediately, conspiracy theories started flying around. Some theorists believed that the U.S. government had advance warning of the attacks, but let them happen anyway. Others claimed that the government actually engineered the attacks, and that al-Qaida wasn't even involved. There was also a lack of booming sounds and flashes of light characteristic of explosions [source: Thomas].

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