How Elvis Got Americans to Accept the Polio Vaccine
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But despite the literally crippling effects of the virus and the promising results of the vaccination, many Americans simply weren’t getting vaccinated. What did prove successful was Elvis getting the vaccine in front of millions. Why might this be the case, and are there lessons that can be applied to the rollout of the COVID-19 vaccine? Elvis’s public act contained three crucial ingredients inherent to many of the most effective behavioral change campaigns: social influence, social norms and vivid examples. If only Elvis were still alive to harness social influence, social norms and vivid examples.

What Is Chronic Kidney Disease, and How Might It Affect You?
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This is called Chronic Kidney Disease and it’s a growing global problem. Unless a donor kidney can be found for a transplant - patients with kidney failure require dialysis. Dialysis does not cure kidney disease and in the case of end stage kidney failure—a patient must remain on dialysis until a new kidney can be found. And yet, studies show that despite having higher rates of kidney disease, racial and ethnic minorities often struggle to afford dialysis. But for those with chronic kidney disease, there is really only one option: stay in the system, stay on dialysis, wait for a kidney—or die.

A Half Century Later, the Journey of Apollo 8 Still Inspires
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Editor’s Note: This blog was originally posted in December 2008 to commemorate the 40th anniversary of Apollo 8’s historic mission. On December 21, 1968, Apollo 8 was launched on one of the greatest journeys in the history of human exploration. Not only was the clock ticking, but also the CIA had informed the agency that it believed the Soviet Union was on the verge of launching cosmonauts on a moon mission. In August 1968 NASA's Apollo Spacecraft Program Office manager, George Low, proposed making Apollo 8 a mission to circumnavigate the moon some 234,000 miles away. Apollo 8 astronauts (left to right): Frank Borman, James A. Lovell Jr. and William A. Anders arrive on the carrier U.S.S.

How Leonard Bernstein Opposed Richard Nixon With 1973 'Anti-inaugural' Concert
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\" \" Composer Leonard Bernstein used a performance the night before Richard Nixon's inauguration as an \"anti-inaugural.\" On January 20, 1973, the second presidential inauguration of Richard Nixon — elected in a landslide victory — took place amidst shaking signs and shouting protestors. But at the exact same time a free and unofficial inauguration concert at the National Cathedral took place thanks to legendary conductor Leonard Bernstein. For even more on the animosity between Leonard Bernstein and Richard Nixon, we'd recommend a deep dive into \"The Bernstein Files,\" a three-part multimedia series in The New Yorker from classical music expert Alex Ross. Now That's Interesting When the Philadelphia Orchestra was asked to perform President Richard Nixon's 1973 inauguration concert, 16 members requested the night off.

10 Ways to Survive a Snowstorm
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Spencer Platt/ Getty ImagesThe best thing to ­do during a snowstorm is to stay indoors. But if you absolutely­ need to get somewhere on foot, you'll have to be very smart in order to survive. Loose, warm, layered clothing is the way to go. Loose clothing helps the blood flow, increasing warmth. Snowstorm conditions are usually accompanied by limited visibility, so make your outer layer a bright color so you can be seen by others.

People With Asthma, Hay Fever May Have Higher Risk of Psychiatric Disorders
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\" \" A new study found a link between asthma and hay fever and an increase in psychiatric illness. All told, they examined data for 139,941 people without any history of allergic diseases, as well as 46,647 people with problems like hay fever or asthma. AdvertisementAdvertisementDespite the increased risk, it's obvious that hay fever and asthma don't doom a person to a psychiatric illness diagnosis. \"Therefore, I wanted to clarify whether these allergic diseases are associated with psychiatric disorders.\" Additionally, it's possible that the physical symptoms of hay fever and asthma could be made worse by the stress of psychiatric disorders.

Capicola: The Italian Dried Meat Tony Soprano Called 'Gabagool'
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\" \" Capicola, or capocollo, is an Italian cold cut traditionally made from the cured muscle of the neck and shoulder of the pig. Capicola – which is also referred to as capocollo and coppa – is made from pork shoulder. You take some pork shoulder, then add salt and various spices, such as coriander, fennel, cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves or paprika. Once you've seasoned the pork shoulder, place the meat in a natural casing, then tie it up and hang it to dry, preferably for about three months. The cured meat has a high fat content and is exceptionally salty.

Here's Where to Find the Cleanest Air in the World
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\" \" The beautiful downtown area of Honolulu, Hawaii, has the best air quality of all cities in the world of similar size. Ozone pollution comes from gases like exhaust from tailpipes and smoke from factory chimneys. Particle pollution is mostly created by car and truck traffic, manufacturing, power plants and farming. Here are the top five major cities with the cleanest air in the world:Honolulu, HawaiiHalifax, CanadaAnchorage, AlaskaAuckland, New ZealandBrisbane, AustraliaWherever in the world they're located, the cleanest cities tend to have certain things in common. Now That's Interesting China's air pollution is so bad you can see it from space.

Inside the CIA's Treasure Trove of bin Laden Files
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When bin Laden became a wanted man, running from the U.S. government, he began wearing a black cowboy hat when out in public, thinking it would shield his identity from spy satellites and drones. Bin Laden was an intense and religious person, joining the zealous Muslim Brotherhood in high school. Initially, bin Laden denied involvement, but in October 2004, he released a video claiming responsibility and decrying American intervention in the Middle East. But it was the final release on Nov. 1, 2017 that featured what seemed like a treasure trove of data, including 79,000 audio and image files, plus al-Qaida \"home videos.\" But what seems to pique everyone's curiosity is bin Laden's obsession with hentai — anime porn.

Running on Empty? How Bad Is It for Your Car?
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Don Farrall/Getty ImagesExperts say you should keep your gas tank at least a quarter full at all times. AdvertisementAdvertisementYou could also get debris stuck in your fuel pump by running your tank too low. If you're constantly running your gas tank dry, the fuel pump could be overheating, which will cause it to wear out prematurely. Now that you know that driving on empty is actually bad for your car, it should be easier to break the habit. That said, if you find yourself in a situation where you're running low, you won't ruin your car if it's only the first or second time it happens.

Be Skeptical of Video Showing Vaccine \"Side Effect
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Such is the case with a “viral” video showing a woman who claims her symptoms are a side effect of the Moderna vaccine (short answer – they almost certainly are not). But are there any positive signs that indicate a conversion disorder, rather than this only being a diagnosis of exclusions? In any case – if I looked at this video without any context, I would conclude this is overwhelmingly likely to be conversion disorder. Conversion disorder is not “faking” (faking is technically called a factitious disorder, or more colloquially, malingering). This also is a real medical disorder, just a psychological one, and should not be stigmatized.

Deaths From COVID-19 Are Different From Other Respiratory Distress, But ICU Practices Are The Same
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If someone elderly with blood clots and cancer treatment dies from respiratory distress, the federal government is generous about calling it a COVID-19 death. Even gunshot victims are considered COVID-19 related if they had tested positive for the virus in the last 30 days. So the increased COVID-19 deaths here are not mislabeled, at least if we extrapolate from people with similar lung failure who died at the same hospital in years before COVID-19. Japan had few cases and few deaths from COVID-19 because they refused to worry about it. \"What was persistent before and after COVID-19, and something we need to be better about after last year's coronavirus is a memory?

Bee Brains: New Attack On Science Claims Insects Can't Sleep Unless Pesticides Are Organic
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A new paper invokes bees yet again, but with inability to claim they are dying they claim dosing bee brains with unreal levels of pesticides causes them to...lose sleep. Activists argue that residues still impact bees but there is no evidence for that, there is only correlation. Fruit flies given unrealistic amounts of pesticides had sleep disrupted. Entomologists who care about public trust in science can't be happy they did that. In neither instance should policy claims be repeated by journalists without recognizing that politics may be the goal rather than science.

Resolving the Red Controversy?
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-Donkey, from ShrekEarlier this week, I introduced you to the Red Controversy, the observations recorded around 2000 years ago in Europe asserting that the star, Sirius, appeared red. The way most Sun-like stars work is that they burn their fuel until they're exhausted, and then they expand tremendously and become red giants. If Sirius B was a red giant 2000 years ago, then the Sirius system would have appeared extremely bright and red! If there were another, denser star close to Sirius B (such as a neutron star or black hole), it could start stealing mass from the Red Giant! This process could be extraordinarily quick, and could feasibly strip Sirius B bare in just a few thousand years, leaving behind a cold, dead, white-dwarf core.

How We Can Deal with ‘Pandemic Fatigue’
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Public health experts term this phenomenon “pandemic fatigue” and cite it as a contributor to the increase in incidence rates being witnessed here and in Europe. Understanding pandemic fatigue is challenging because it is not one phenomenon and likely stems from several causes. However, pandemic fatigue also occurs for people who are ostensibly on board with societal attempts to control spread of the virus. Despite its name, pandemic fatigue in these cases is not really about exhaustion or tiredness or depleting a mental resource. One fundamental facet of pandemic fatigue is motivational in nature and is related to the demands life during a pandemic places on our systems for cognitive control and the mental effort costs this incurs.

The Cosmological Constant Is Physics’ Most Embarrassing Problem
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The enormous discrepancy between the predicted amount of vacuum energy and the measured amount is often called the cosmological constant problem. One of the most prominent—and, by some, most hated—solutions to the cosmological constant problem is called the anthropic principle. Because string theory requires a multiverse, string theorists tend to regard the cosmological constant problem as essentially solved by this reasoning. “We had a model 10 years ago called the Fab Four that was aimed at solving the cosmological constant problem,” Padilla says. Perhaps these efforts to understand the cosmological constant problem will reveal deeper truths about quantum physics and general relativity.

Astronomer Avi Loeb Says Aliens Have Visited, and He’s Not Kidding
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But for more than a decade he has also courted a more contentious subject—namely, space aliens, including how to find them. Scientific American spoke with Loeb about the book, his controversial hypothesis and why he believes science is in crisis. And most importantly, I don’t need to think about what’s wrong with all the things that other people say! Speaking of important things, here is one I think we both agree on: in science, we must keep each other honest. I don’t see the search for technological signatures any differently from the search for the nature of dark matter.

The Amazing, and Alarming, Science Behind Red Snow
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\" \" Large swaths of red snow can be seen here in Neko Harbour, Antarctica. The red color is sometimes caused from the presence of the algae Chlamydomonas nivalis. Titled \"Freaks of the Storm,\" it includes a passage on red snow. But it turns out that, more often than not, red snow is the product of algae. Some popular science writers have also advised against eating red snow because it supposedly causes gastric problems.

5 Events in Black History You Never Learned in School
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Perry is also an educator who has taught and developed curriculum on African American history to high school students. The practice led to the inequality of wealth between Black and white people that continues to this day. She's the African American woman we can thank for inventing the sanitary belt in 1957 and revolutionizing women's lives across the entire globe. When Kenner invented her modern-day maxi-pad, it was illegal for African American women to apply for patents. But African American Mose Norman, who was a prominent landowner, chose to exercise his democratic right anyway.

Why Do Colleges Hand Out Honorary Degrees?
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Levine approved of honorary degrees, seeing them as teaching opportunities to\"[show] examples of people who most represent the values the institution stands for.\" AdvertisementAdvertisementHonorary Degrees as MarketingToday, the conferring of unearned degrees is less of a menace to society and more of a savvy marketing opportunity. Ayugo sits on the Committee on Honorary Degrees, which is charged with reviewing all nominations for honorary degrees submitted by Duke students, faculty and staff. \"Honorary degrees serve as a way to inspire the students graduating that day,\" writes Ayugo in an email. While most honorary degree recipients understand and respect this distinction between an earned and unearned degree, others disagree.

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